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Modules 5 and 6

All students must take at least two of the eight elective modules, which are designed to cover topics that are of central interest to many enterprises and law firms. Some of these modules are legal in nature, while others are interdisciplinary. Depending upon the degree for which a student is studying (LLM or MLB), the student’s background, the type of internship (primarily legal or business) in which the student participates, and the subject-matter of the master’s thesis, students may need to take a combination of legal and interdisciplinary elective modules.

Law Electives


Prof. Christopher Bisping, Prof. Dr. Stefan Kröll

In the past 30 years, international arbitration has become the preferred method of international dispute resolution, whether between businesses or between business and government.  Despite this popularity, many lawyers and businesspeople remain unclear as to exactly what international arbitration is and how it differs from court-based international litigation.  The International Arbitration module examines a number of major topics in the field, including the nature of arbitration, its strengths and weaknesses, the validity and reach of international arbitration agreements, the role of international arbitral institutions, ad hoc arbitration, and transborder arbitration regimes. In addition, the module focuses on the creation of arbitration awards, where and how those awards can be challenged, and the recognition and enforcement of arbitration awards. In the second part of the module a mock arbitration covering the whole lifecycle of an arbitration from drafting the agreement until the enforcement of an award will be used to discuss some of the theories in greater depth and apply them in practice, addressing also the tactical side of arbitration.


Legal Technology and Operations

Prof. Dr. Daniel M. Katz, Dirk Hartung

Legal innovation and technology are no longer themes relevant for legal professionals only in the future. Organizations across the legal industry are currently leveraging technology in ways that have allowed clients and consumers to access legal services more efficiently, effectively, and at a lower cost. This course introduces students to legal innovation and technology. Students will examine the market forces driving innovation and glimpse use cases from large law firms, corporate in-house legal departments, legal aid, and legal tech startups, as well as emerging organizations like law companies. Students will also have the opportunity to see examples of applied technology from legal professionals and lecturers from all around the globe.

The class may feature one or more on-site experiences at technology driven legal service providers in the wider Hamburg region. The material comprises preparatory videos, readings and slides. As this is an introductory class, students will not be required to write code in this class.


Comparative Law in Action

Prof. Christopher Bisping (Coordinator)

A limited number of students of the Bucerius Master of Law and Business have the chance to participate in Comparative Law in Action. In today’s global society, many legal problems arise from the use of recently created technology that requires constant new regulation. Comparative Law in Action is the first university competition that brings together comparative Law, Technology and Policy.

Participants will analyze how the law adapts to new challenges created by technology as well as how technology can solve legal challenges. They will experience how a comparative law approach and the study of different legal systems can offer an innovative solution to real global problems. Comparative Law in Action is a learning by doing initiative. Students will perform a rigorous academic legal analysis and will put into practice key skills such as the ability to adapt to change, to work in teams, to think creatively and to show leadership. Participants will work virtually on a cutting-edge multi-media case, resulting in a real-world experience where information will be delivered at different stages, as do real life legal cases.

A final 3-day experiential event will take place at IE University in Madrid, Spain, where participants will have the opportunity to attend different workshops, work in teams and pitch their projects to a panel of juries.

Interdisciplinary Electives


Dr. Nils Krause (International Mergers and Acquisitions), JProf. Dr. Nicole Gottschalck (Post-Merger Integration)

International Mergers and Acquisitions

This course covers all relevant steps in the mergers and acquisition process from preliminary agreements such as the letter of intent to post-closing and integration issues. Other specific subjects covered are due diligence process, negotiating share purchase agreements and hostile takeovers, including defense measures and specialties of distressed M&A transactions. Students are exposed to the most important elements of a typical M&A transaction, including relevant contractual provisions. The course takes an interactive, practical approach to the topic and centers on hypothetical M&A scenarios. These scenarios are used to illustrate the legal and practical context in which mergers and takeovers take place. Throughout the course, students are asked to address these topics from the perspective of the various players in an M&A process (e.g. by negotiating a letter of intent or a share purchase agreement).

Post-Merger Integration

In an increasingly globalized world, firms of all sizes, ownership structures, and industries are witnessing fundamental changes to their competitive environment. In order to keep up the pace and take advantage of new opportunities, a lot of firms change their organizational structure and operational processes. More and more distributed global firms are emerging which leverage internal and external capacities and capabilities around the world, blurring conventional organizational boundaries. One approach to catalyze the transformation to a more global firm is to grow and change through mergers and acquisitions (M&A), i.e., to seek to operate through local and global entities, and gain the needed resources for competition.

This course spotlights the human side of the process of post-merger integration and the challenges associated with it, i.e., how changes and the implementation of a merger or an acquisition unfold on the level of employees. The emphasis is on managerial and operational aspects of this process. The objectives of this course are three-fold:

  1. Help you to understand the challenges that employees are facing during the process of M&A.
  2. Equip you with the knowledge to analyze the human side of the M&A process from different theoretical perspectives.
  3. Enable you to assess the dynamics in unfolding M&A integration and to develop an integration plan for M&As to maximize HR and operational synergies.


Corporate Governance & Compliance

Prof. Dr. Christian Andres (Corporate Governance and Compliance), Prof. Dr. Carsten Jungmann (Legal Aspects of Corporate Governance)

Corporate Governance and Compliance

This course offers a theoretical and empirical analysis of the most important corporate governance issues in an international context. We will analyze conflicts of interest within the firm and between the insiders and the outsiders of corporations and discuss mechanisms to mitigate these problems. Since corporate governance mechanisms vary around the world, the course will briefly present definitions and the underlying concepts of the variety of legal systems and other institutions that shape the governance environment. An emphasis is put on the analysis of how and through which channels corporate governance matters for firm- and country-level economic performance and what type of solutions potentially mitigate incentive problems and problems of market failure.

We will critically assess the empirical evidence on the importance and effectiveness of various corporate governance devices, with an emphasis on ownership structures and large shareholder monitoring, the market for corporate control, shareholder activism, the board of directors, codetermination, and executive compensation.

In addition, the relationship between firm value and corporate governance practices and investor protection will be discussed. In this context, we will cover the empirical implications and relevance of corporate governance codes as well as the increasing importance of ESG (environmental, social, governance) criteria and compliance with these requirements. 

Legal Aspects of Corporate Governance

Corporate governance questions typically arise when a business is getting more mature, is constantly growing and/or is becoming more and more characterized by a rather dispersed ownership. In all these cases, the (executive) directors’ fiduciary duties as well as the tasks and rights of those controlling the management (non-executive directors, members of the supervisory board, shareholders) are gaining importance. 

The course will focus on corporate governance in (listed) stock corporations and will deal in detail with the German and also the UK Corporate Governance Code. Major issues discussed range from the monitoring role of individual and institutional shareholders, legal rules concerning the transparency of the corporation, liability of the management, the business judgment rule and the legal framework for direct and derivative suits to the role of the auditors of the corporation and the rights and duties of the supervisory board. 

As corporate governance today must be seen in a comparative context, recent international trends will be taken into account. The reading material will contain a number of European and US case studies as prominent examples of corporate failures.


Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management

Prof. Dr. Peter Witt (Corporate Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management), Prof. Dr. Christina Günther (Social Entrepreneurship & Social Innovation), Yamila Eraso Pena (Practical Cases of Startup (Legal) Advice)

Corporate Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management

The course deals with innovation management in established enterprises. Depending on their innovation strategy, companies can decide to engage in own research and development activities (R&D), cooperate with external parties or acquire equity stakes in innovative start-ups (corporate venturing). Participants learn how to manage innovation processes in different institutional settings, from the idea generation phase and the phase of technical realization up to the challenges of commercializing new products or services. The course also investigates how managers can monitor and steer innovation processes, how they can overcome resistance against innovations, and how to ensure an innovation culture throughout their organizations.

Social Entrepreneurship & Social Innovation

Social entrepreneurship is characterized by individuals, groups or enterprises who use entrepreneurial principles to change society for the better. It has become a relevant alternative to government policies and interventions for dealing with the society’s most pressing social problems, such as poverty, illiteracy, environmental issues, and access to healthcare. Today, social enterprises can be found around the globe using a variety of organizational structures and strategies ranging from non-profit organizations to commercial solutions.

In this course participants will learn about the general idea of social entrepreneurship and how it differs from conventional commercial enterprises. Moreover, tools will be introduced to recognize social opportunities and how to assess their potential. The role of strategic planning and resource mobilization will be discussed as well as strategies to scale social value. Finally, participants will learn how to measure the impact of social entrepreneurship. This course combines theoretical concepts with real-life cases. We will strongly benefit from the international background of the course participants and learn about social entrepreneurship in different countries and the varying or similar approaches to address societal challenges across the globe.

Practical Cases of Startup (Legal) Advice

The main focus of this class is to provide a practical approach (with actual cases) to startup legal and (business) advice. This class would allow students to bring together legal and business theories behind founding and financing a startup in order to solve practical questions posed by entrepreneurs at early stages of their businesses, as well as investors interested in early-stage companies. Major topics to discuss range from capitalization table and deal negotiations, relationship between founders, and with investors, to common mistakes and threats to early-stage deals. This class is ideal for students who have a special interest in either setting up their own, or getting involved with, startups, as well as with early-stage investment funds.


Logistics & Supply Chain Management

Prof. Dr. Stephan Wagner (Logistics & SCM), Prof. Dr. Karsten Thorn (Legal issues of supply and distribution (chains))

Logistics & SCM

Today’s businesses are highly outsourced, therefore, the management of the "extended enterprise" and value creation outside of the firm boundaries have become increasingly important. The overall objective of the elective "Logistics and Supply Chain Management" is to familiarize students with fundamental concepts and recent developments relevant to the management of value chains in a globalized world. Among others, students will obtain the ability to answer questions such as: What to do internally, what to outsource? How to set up sourcing relationships? How to set up supply chains? How to distribute products to customers? How to utilize intermediaries such as logistics service firms to operate supply chains? The elective "Logistics and Supply Chain Management" covers the following broad areas:

  • Supply Chain Strategy, Design and Digitalization
  • Purchasing & Supply Management

Legal issues of supply and distribution (chains)

The course will take a practical course and deal with problems lawyers may face when drafting supply or distribution agreements. In this context, the course will also introduce the typology of such contracts, the main differentiation being the one between short-term relationships such as a sales contract and long-term relationships such as supply or distribution agreements. The issues covered encompass the applicable law including international conventions and trade terms, the obligations of the parties under the contract, the treatment of intellectual property rights, data and business secrets, the liability of the parties, the reasons for the termination of the contract, continuing obligations of the parties after the termination of the agreement and mechanisms for dispute settlement. Special attention will be paid to the potential influence of external legal rules on the contractual relationship between the parties such as product liability, the protection of human rights or the protection of weaker business parties and consumers.

With regard to sales contracts the CISG and INCOTERMS will serve as a pattern while with regard to long-term relations the course will cover supply agreements, dealership agreements, agency agreements and franchise agreements. In this context, the course will also deal with commercial instruments, legal hostages and mandatory rules protecting weaker business parties.

Read more about this elective


Law Without Walls

Prof. Christopher Bisping (Coordinator)

A limited number of students of the Bucerius Master of Law and Business have the chance to participate in Law Without Walls (LWOW). LWOW accelerates innovation and seeds a global community of change agents that are transforming the way lawyers and business professionals partner to solve problems at the intersection of law, business, and technology. 

Students will be teamed up with participants from 30 law and business schools around the world and with academic, business, entrepreneur, and legal mentors. Over a period of four months, teams working virtually will identify a problem related to law and create a business plan for a solution (often a legal startup). In the process, LWOW refines 21st Century professionals’ skills, recharges the law market with innovations across law, business, and technology, and revitalizes relationships with colleagues, clients, and future talent across the globe. 

This 4-month program is designed to equip experienced and inexperienced talent with new skills and new contacts to make them more successful global business leaders armed with the knowledge and expertise to meet the challenges of the economic pressures, technological advances, and globalization that have dramatically reshaped the legal market (and that will continue to do so in the years to come).

Read about LWOW 2019


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